GLOSSARY

 

GLOSSARY

TERM

DEFINITION

Acidic CannabinoidThe acidic version of a cannabinoid
ACMPRAccess to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations
Adult userCannabis consumer of legal age who uses cannabis for non medical purposes
Age verifiedProtection measure used to restrict access to content
AgonistA chemical that binds to a receptor and activates the receptor to produce a biological response
AnandamideA naturally occurring arachidonic acid derivative, present in some foods and in mammalian brains, where it acts as a messenger molecule and plays a role in pain, depression, appetite, memory, and fertility.
AntagonistA substance that interferes with or inhibits the physiological action of another.
BHOButane hash oil –  potent form of cannabis concentrates that comes in various consistencies including budder, shatter, wax and more
Bill C45Law that legalized recreational cannabis use nationwide in Canada in combination with its companion legislation Bill C-46, An Act to Amend the Criminal Code.
Bill C46Law that aims to strengthen the criminal law response to both drug- and alcohol-impaired driving
BioavailabilityThe proportion of a drug or other substance, which enters the circulation when introduced into the body. It has an active effect.
BiofuelA biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary processes from biomass, rather than a fuel produced by the very slow geological processes involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as oil.
BiomassThe total mass of organisms in a given area or volume.
BlockchainTechnology that allows digital information to be distributed, but not copied
BluntA hollowed-out cigar filled with cannabis
BongA bong is a filtration device generally used for smoking cannabis, or other herbal substances.
BuccalA method of administration involving placing a drug between your gums and cheek, where it also dissolves and is absorbed into your blood.
BudderAerated with bubbles and a waxy consistency, similar to an aero bar, but generally much lighter in colour and opaque.
C1D1Class 1 division 1
C1D2Class 1 division 2
CannabinoidCannabinoids are compounds that make up the plants hemp and Marijuana
CannabisA psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes.
Cannabis ActLaw that legalized recreational cannabis use nationwide in Canada in combination with its companion legislation Bill C-46
Cannabis prescriptionCannabis that is prescribed by physicians for their patients. Prescription is provided in grams.
CannabaceaeCannabaceae is a small family of flowering plants. Well known for their content of biologically-active terpenophenolic metabolites
CanoeingWhen a joint burns on one side but not the other
CartridgesA container holding a substance, designed for insertion into a mechanism.
CaryophylleneA natural bicyclic sesquiterpene that is a constituent of many essential oils, especially clove oil, the oil from the stems and flowers of Syzygium aromaticum, the essential oil of Cannabis sativa, rosemary, and hops.
CBC Cannabichromene
CBDCannabidiol
CBG Cannabigerol
CBG Cannabinol
CDSAControlled Drug and Substance Act
ChildproofMake inaccessible to children
ClonesCuttings from a marijuana plant – these cuttings make roots of their own and grow into an identical plant as the “mother”
Closed loopA closed loop control system is a set of mechanical or electronic devices that automatically regulates a process variable to a desired state or set point without human interaction.
CO2A colourless gas with a density about 60% higher
COACertificate of Analysis
CompoundA thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.
ConcentratesProducts made from the cannabis plant that have been processed to keep only the most desirable plant compounds
ConeA cone is a three-dimensional geometric shape that tapers smoothly from a flat base. Cones are a shape of joint that differ from cigarette style rolling
Consumer packaged goodsAn industry term for merchandise that customers use up and replace on a frequent basis.
CRN numbersThe Canadian Registration Number (CRN) is a number issued by each province or territory in Canada by an authorized safety authority for any boiler, pressure vessel or fitting that operates at a pressure greater than 15 psig (1 barg).
Cross breedingProduce a plant by hybridizing two different species, breeds, or varieties.
CSGACanadian Seeds Grower Association
CTLSCannabis Tracking and Licensing System
CultivationThe act of caring for or raising plants
CuringCuring is a slow aging process not generally performed by commercial producers at this time.
DabbingHeating a small amount of cannabis extract (a dab) with a metal conductor and then inhaling the vapor
Decarboxylated CannabisActivated Cannabis flower
DecarboxylationProcess of converting acidic cannabinoids to activated ones
Diamonds/Sauce/HCE Mixture of crystalized THCA and usually light runny oils
DINDrug Identification Number
DiscourseWritten or spoken communication or debate
DistilateHighly refined cannabis extract. Highest purity
DosingA certain quantity of cannabis to be taken at one time.
Dried CannabisPlant matter that has been cured and dried and is ready to smoke
Dry SiftThe result of mechanically removing the resin glands from the plant by sieving them with screens of different sizes
DryingMass transfer process consisting of the removal of moisture
Dual userCannabis patient who uses cannabis for medical purposes and  is of legal age to use cannabis for non medical purposes
ECSEndocannabinoid system
EdiblesItems of food
Endocannabinoid SystemA biological system composed of endocannabinoids
Equivalency ratioRatio of grams to ml.  Example 1gr = 3ml (3:1 ratio)
EthanolA chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula C. 2H. 6O.
Excise stampA type of revenue stamp affixed to cannabis goods with THC to indicate that the required excise tax has been paid by the manufacturer.
ExtractionA separation process consisting of the separation of a substance from a matrix.
Female hybrid seedsA cross between two or more unrelated female inbred plants.
Feminized seedsSeeds that only produce female plants
FibreFibre, also called dietary fibre, is the part of plant foods that the body cannot digest.
FilterCan be made from different materials. Used in joints to help with the smoking experience
FlavinoidsA group of plant metabolites thought to provide health benefits through cell signalling pathways and antioxidant effects.
Flower Rosin Hash oil pressed out of dried flower buds.
FloweringThe action of producing flowers
Full SpectrumFull spectrum products are associated with the “entourage effect” – this refers to the increased effectiveness of these products due to the different cannabinoids working synergistically.
GerminationGermination is the process in which the seeds sprout and the root emerges
GradesGrades are a method of communicating (to the student, their parents, future professors, graduate schools, employers, etc.) something about the performance
GramA metric unit of mass equal to ¹/₁₀₀₀ kilogram. 1 gram is equivilant to 1000mg
GuaiolAlso known as champacol, it is an organic compound, a sesquiterpenoid alcohol found in several plants, especially in the oil of guaiacum and cypress pine
GuildAn association of artisans or merchants who oversee the practice of their craft/trade in a particular area
Hardgel capsulesVegan or gelatin based two piece capsule typically used for powders or dry materials
HarvestProcess of gathering a ripe crop
HashCannabis product made from the resin of the cannabis plant
Hash pressA pollen press can be used to press trichomes from female marijuana plants that have accumulated in a herb grinder, or by some other means, into a solid mass known hashish
HCEHigh Cannabinoid Extracts
Health CanadaCanadian government body responsible for helping Canadians maintain and improve their health
HempA strain of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.
HomogeneousAn adjective that describes similar or uniform characteristics
HTEHigh Terpene Extracts
HydrocarbonA compound of hydrogen and carbon, such as any of those which are the chief components of petroleum and natural gas.
IHRIndustrial Hemp Regulations
IndicaType of cannabis plant that has short bushy wide leaves. Can grow fast and have a high yield potential
IPIntellectual property
IsolateWhen you remove or set apart one thing from others,
JointCigarette style cannabis joint
KGKilograms – the SI unit of mass – 1KG is equivalent to 1000gr
KiefResin glands which contain the terpenes and cannabinoids that make cannabis so unique
License cultivarLicensed by Health Canada to Cultivate Cannabis
License processorLicensed by Health Canada to Process Cannabis
Licensed sellerLicensed by Health Canada to Sell Cannabis
LifecycleThe developmental stages that occur during an organism’s lifetime.
LimoneneA colourless liquid aliphatic hydrocarbon classified as a cyclic monoterpene, and is the major component in the oil of citrus fruit peels.
LinaloolTwo enantiomers of a naturally occurring terpene alcohol found in many flowers and spice plants.
Live Rosin Hash oil pressed out of bubble hash made from fresh plants with no drying process.
Medical userCannabis patient who uses cannabis for medical purposes
MGMilligram – A unit of measurement of mass in the metric system equal to a thousandth of a gram.
Milled CannabisGround up cannabis flower
MMARMarijuana Medical Access Regulations
MMPRMarijuana for Medical Purposes Regulations
MLMilliliter – metric unit used to measure capacity that’s equal to one-thousandth of a liter
Mother plantA plant that is grown specifically to take cuttings from to make clones
MouldA fungus that grows in the form of multicellular filaments called hyphae.
MyrceneAn olefinic natural organic hydrocarbon. It is more precisely classified as a monoterpene.
NascentJust coming into existence
NCRNarcotic Control Regulations
NerolidolAlso known as peruviol and penetrol, it is a naturally occurring sesquiterpene alcohol found in the essential oils of many types of plants and flowers.
NHPNatural Health Product
NPNNatural Product Number
OcimeneA cannabis terpene carrying a sweet, herbaceous, and earthy aroma with hints of citrus.
OnsetThe beginning of something
PeerA person who belongs to the same age group or social group as someone else
PhytocannabinoidsA molecule synthesized by plants
PineneA bicyclic monoterpene chemical compound. There are two structural isomers of pinene found in nature: α-pinene and β-pinene.
PipeHollow bowl used for smoking loose leaf or flower; it is equipped with a hollow stem through which smoke is drawn into the mouth.
PotencyA measure of drug activity expressed in terms of the amount required to produce an effect of given intensity.
Pre rollA joint that has been pre-rolled
Pre flowering phaseAlso called the stretch, this takes one day to two weeks.
Pressure vesselA container designed to hold material at high pressures.
Pull and snap In between shatter and sap, will break when pulled or bent quickly
Raw CannabisCannabis in a fresh, non activated form
Raw concentrateA concentrate that is extracted from premium whole bud with no further refinement or winterization processe bud with no further refinement or winterization process
ReceptorA region of tissue, or a molecule in a cell membrane, which responds specifically to a particular neurotransmitter, hormone, antigen, or other substance.
Regular seedsPure original genetic that can offer female or male samples
Regulatory complianceAn organization’s adherence to laws
Residual solventsOrganic volatile chemicals that are used or produced in the manufacture of drug substances or excipients, or in the preparation of drug products.
ResinMixtures of organic compounds.
Rolling paperA specialty paper used for rolling cannabis joints
RuderalisType of cannabis plant with short and stalky features. Ruderalis is hardier variety and can be grown in harsh conditions
S5Bill proposes to amend the Tobacco Act, the Non-smokers’ Health Act and other related Acts. Its aim is to provide a mechanism to address risks to human health and safety for vaping products that are not marketed for a therapeutic purpose
SapVery viscous liquid
SativaType of cannabis plant that grows tall and thin with narrow leaves. Can take longer to grow, mature, and require more light.
ScienceA branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws
SeedAn embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.
SeedlingA young plant, especially one raised from seed and not from a cutting.
ShatterA translucent glassy consistency that breaks easily when bent or poked
Shlef stabilityAble to survive long periods on store or home shelves without spoiling
Sift Rosin Hash oil pressed out of sift or kief.
SmokingSmoking is a practice in which a substance is burned and the resulting smoke breathed in to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream.
Softgel capsulesVegan or gelatin based single piece capsule typically used for oil or liquid-based supplements
SolventAble to dissolve other substances
SolventlessExtracts or concentrates produced without the use of a solvent
SOPStandard operating procedures
Starting materialsRaw material cannabis that is used in the production of a cannabis
SublingualRefers to the pharmacological route of administration by which substances diffuse into the blood through tissues under the tongue.
SuperfoodFoods that are rich in nutrients.
SuppositoryA solid dosage form that is inserted into the rectum, vagina, or urethra, where it dissolves or melts and exerts local or systemic effects.
Synergistic effectsAn effect arising between two or more agents, entities, factors, or substances that produces an effect greater than the sum of their individual effects.
SyntheticMade by chemical synthesis, especially to imitate a natural product.
TerpenesA large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants
TerpinoleneA sedative terpene that, similarly to camphene, produces an acrid smoke when burned.
THCDelta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol
THCV/THV Tetrahydrocannabivarin
TopicalProducts intended for application directly to an outside part of the body
Tracking systemApplication that enables the electronic recording, storing, handling, and reporting of data
TrichomesFine outgrowths or appendages on cannabis plants
TrimmingSmall pieces trimmed off something
UL CanadaUnderwriters Laboratories of Canada (ULC) is an independent product safety testing, certification and inspection organization.
VapingVaping is the inhaling of a vapor created by a vaping device.
VaporizersA device using vaporization technology that allows users to inhale cannabis in vapor form, rather than smoke.
VegetativePeriod where plants are busy carrying out photosynthesis and accumulating resources that will be needed for flowering and reproduction
Water soluableAble to be dissolved in water.
Wax/Crumble Translucent/opaque that breaks apart like a butter or cheese. Should be easy to cut through
WinterizationAn oil refinement technique commonly used in biotechnology